Abbreviations used in ACF Bulletins and Checker Book & newsletters: (used by editors Lyman, Fortman,
& Loy, etc.)
A.B.C. or ABC - “America's Best Checkers, An Encyclopedia of Modern Master Play” a match book no longer in print by Tom Wiswell & Robert L. Shuffett "A Classic" published in 1957.
AC - The American Checkerist - William F. "Willie" Ryan’s American Checkerist 6 vol. collected and bound in hardback. The American Checkerist Magazine - The Checker Player’s Monthly Journal. It was published for 12 years, which was a continuation of Manson Teetzel’s "ACM," the American Checker Monthly Magazine that ran for 18 years prior to his death. Ryan and Fisk wanted to keep the same name but couldn’t get together with the heirs so they renamed it, 6 Volumes - January 1939 thru June 1950. The magazine of Champions - Maybe the best checker magazine of all time. It had 9 issues per year (monthly Oct - Mar & bimonthly April thur Sept).
You can find these bound in 6 hardback volumes.
A.C.A or ACA American Checker Association, which joined together with the National Checker Association, this merger form the present American Checker Federation.
A.C.A. N.T. One of the tourneys sponsored by the ACA. Since 1947 all national tourneys in the U.S. have been ACF tourneys.
A.C.F. or ACF - The American Checker Federation today is the only national checker organization in the U.S. ACA (formed in 1906) and NCA merged on Sept 1st, 1947 using the NCA as a temporary name with 665 membership. The following year the new name of the American Checker Federation was chosen by full vote on May 1st 1948. Today it is the governing body of straight “English” checkers in the USA.
ACF GAYP Club - is similar to above, and the incentive to persuade Life-Time Membership to give a $100 lump sum contribution to a special gift fund would allow the member to receive a copy of the Top 50 select Master Go - As - You - Please National Ty games and play odd year GAYP National Tournaments exempt of entry fee.
ACF Founding Fathers: 1st president, Rudy Munzinger immediately set up a committee, chaired by Maurice Chamblee, to carve out a new constitution (drawing on policies of the USCF and the US Table Tennis Association, besides the more obvious sources!), and a second committee, chaired by John Dale Heath in consultation with the leading players of the day, to revise it. The proposed constitution and by-laws weren't adopted until a third committee, chaired by George Kinser, produced yet more revisions in March, 1950.
Les Balderson of Richmond, VA served as President of ACF for 17 continuous years from 1986 -
2003, which President Homer Caulkins of Los Angeles, William Burke Grandjean -
Secretary, and Treasurer,
Howard Owen were the prior officers. He also served 4 years prior to that as Vice-President of ACF
relieving Ed Scheidt. Alan
Millhone of Belpre, OH won the 2003 election for ACF President, and continues to
do an outstanding job. E.F. Greene was President from 1915 to 1924 he died
A.C.F.B. or ACFB - American Checker Federation Bulletin. Bimonthly organ of the ACF, and sent to all members. The price has increased over the years and Membership is now $40. The price increased in $5 increments over the past 70 years, and finally we increased again from $25 to $40 in 2012. We now encourage members to subscribe to the e-bulletin so ACF can save print & mailing cost and use the difference to promote youth checkers.
ACR - American Checker Review early 1800's publications out of print and later re-published in leather cover books Vols. I-VI with gold gilded lettering and gold gilded edges of pages.
Am. Ty. aka A.T. aka AT - American Tourney, any of the numerous Nationals Tournaments, National Tourneys sponsored by one of the National groups.
Al "Al Lyman" Alfred P. Lyman, Sr. - past editor of ACFB, our current editor is Jim Loy of Bozeman, MT.
Aurora Borealis Draughts Program -
BC - Basic Checkers a series of 7 parts or booklets for each 1st red opening move by Richard "Dick" Fortman published in 1977-83 (all 144 3-moves). It is considered "The Checker Bible" superseding Lee's Guide. A classic covering all 144 of the 3-move restrictive deck with play and annotation, one of the few fully annotated checker books. “Fortman’s 1st 20 moves on all openings... the basic checker foundation book” which Marion Tinsley said, "Checker players might forget some of the many championship titles "Dick" Fortman won, but they'll never forget Fortman's "BC," a great contribution to checkers!" The annotation and commits about the moves are excellent, something you don't often find in checker books, and this makes it paramount for someone trying to learn checkers. Later Richard Past authored Solid Checkers, Key Openings, and The Golden Dozen which covers these same openings with corrections on some of BC lines and includes all 156 openings. Jim Loy has also published corrections to BC.
BCP - Badger Checker Player was a monthly checker newsletter started in September, 1946 by editor J.J. Lalor of Wisconsin Rapids, these later collected and bound in 19 volumes.
B.D.J. or BDJ - never associated with the EDA -a private venture Editor W. G. Parker Volume 1 March-April 1952. This publication is commonly found as a 3 books set 1952-53, 1954-55, and 1956-58 (total 756 pages) but sold by EDA causing some to think it was the EDA former printed magazine of the British Draughts Assn. Today the group is known as the English Draughts. Assn. (EDA) and their printed organ is the English Draughts
Journel. We spell it journal
BDA - Barbados Draughts Association (BDA).
Borghetti - Michele Borghetti current 3-Move World Champion Michele Borghetti in 2013.
BTM - means black to move, BTM&D or BTM&W means black to move and draw. The
same if Red and White are used. You see this in checker problems so you
know who's turn to move.
B.W. or BW - Black Win
Cake - a checker playing program engine used in the
checkerboard interface, both the interface checkerboard program and the checker
playing engine "Cake" are creations of Martin Fierz. He also authored a
smaller size, stripped down version of the cake/checkerboard program,
Checkers Tutor 2.1 in 2011 that runs as 253KB on the Android 1.6 and up
platform. Martin uses the popular Android Operating System that runs on any
tablet, notebook, or any Android device example: Nexus 7 a mini tablet computer,
Samsung tablet, or smart phone. Checkers Tutor 2.1 was introduced on the
Amazon Kindle. If you are not familiar with Kindle, it is a series of
e-book readers designed and marketed by Amazon.com. Amazon Kindle devices
enable users to shop, download, browse, play games, and read e-books,
newspapers, magazines, blogs, and other digital media via wireless networking.
Of course, the newer models “kindle fire” let you do much more, like music,
songs, watching movies, take pictures, etc. Checkers Tutor 2.1 is the
best $1 you can spend to improve your checker skills to force move so as to kept
opponent from a tactical or strategy theme position. Vice-versa it guides and
funnels itself into tactical, strategic positions, and winning endgame. This is
probably the fastest way to becoming a Major level if you have a quick young mind and
remember how and why it moved the way it did. Use
1. Reviews say you can't turn sound off (the knocking sound when a pieces move); however, you can increase or decrease sound or cut it off with the volume button on your device with settings.
2. Can't store games or access a games folder. (It will however keep your current game when you reopen, if you pause, shut down, or power off, if you don't requesting a new game).
3. Can't edit board to set up a position, problem, (remove pieces) or Search for it in a data base of games, or send it by email.
4. You can however get a position by playing both sides, then ask computer to move to see its move or evaluation.
5. Checkers Tutor has no opening book, only its search engine, playing at 5s/move depth 13/23 or 15s/move at depth 14/25 but needs highest setting to play near Major level checkers at 60s/move needed for more complex positions requiring depth 17/28 to get best move & evaluation, however it plays a decent game at 5s/move. These performances are running on a Samsung Galaxy Tab3, Model: SM-T210R Operating system: android 4.4, 1.7 GHz dual core processor, Memory: 1.5GB (ROM) 8GB (RAM). I also ran Checker Tutor on Google's Asus Nexus 7 Model: ME370T, android 4.4, 1GB (ROM) 16GB (NAND), 1.3GHz Nvidia Tegra 3 quad-core chip. Both have a nice 5 3/8" size checkerboards and graphics, although a little slower, like 1 ply less depth, but just that, drops it performance. It's fun to play but it’s not Master level checkers which needs 25 ply depth searches which an average Lap or PC performs at 15s/move setting because of their faster processor, larger hash-table, and the full checker program w/ob db, endgame 8 or 10 piece db, & engine. Example: Cake or Kingrow at 1s/move will beat Tutorial at 5s/move in most games because it doesn't have an open book or endgame database, only a slow search engine, but still the best 99¢ you can spend at the Google App. Store. It definitely beats: Radica Checkers, RadioShake Tandy “2-in-1 e-Chess & Checkers” also distributed by Excalibur Electronics and later their own Excalibur 911E-3 King Master III Electronic Chess & Checkers Game, as well as Fidelity Electronics Checker Challenger. It also easily beats Apple's download Checkers and Pro Checkers for iPhone.
6. Only shows evaluation for move and position as positive & negative (good or bad) by asking computer to move (play itself). This too can be misleading by sometimes showing a 20-30 evaluation but when it is only a draw?
7. You only have a: backward, forward, move (computer move), and rotate (flips the board) button.
8. The backward & forward key allows you to undo & redo moves. A long pause (hold down) on the button backs or forwards to the end.
9. You move your checker or your opponent's checker by touching the screen, (touch the piece and then touch where you want it to go). It's intuitive, so when there is only one way to move or jump, it will move when you touch that checker or square.
10. Set on 15 seconds/move, you can expect an approximate depth 14/25 and 60s/move, expect average depth 16/27. 16 means depth of 16 ply and some lines searched to a maximum depth of 27 plys.
11. I recommend for the Tournament Player; you should get the faster processor with RAM & HD larger enough to run the full program w/ob&eg db. I'm currently testing faster tablets, notebooks, and 2 in 1's and laptop mini computers.
CC - Churchill's Compilations
CCC - California Checker Chatter
CCS - Championship Checkers Simplified (1st edition) (2nd edition w/ good Ayrshire Lassie and Defiance) by William F. “Willie” Ryan
Cedar Point Tournaments: August 8-15, 1909 First Cedar Point Tournament at Cedar Point, OH. Charles C. Clark was the 1st winner of a silver loving cup donated by the Cedar Point Resort Company. This tournament was usually played 1st week in August and referred to as "Cedar Point Ohio Outing Week," also many game matches and exhibition matches stage there. 8/8/1911 second American Checker Association organized at Cedar Point, Oh President Frank Fitzpatrick, Secretary Manson Teetzel. In 1947 merged with National Checker Association to form American Checker Federation. See Lakeside below.
CG - Complete Guide by Tom Wiswell
CHCKS - Checkers Magazine / Annual
Checkerboard - an interface checkerboard program with engine lets you play checkers on a computer. programmed by Martin Fierz.
Chinook - checker playing program by Dr. Jonathan Schaeffer, University of Alberta, Canada. The 1st time a computer was allow to compete in a National Tournament, Chinook played in the 1991 37th 3-Move in the Masters Division at Trace Inn, Tupelo, MS. He is the author of “One Jump Ahead.”
CKIA - Checker Kings In Action
Col. Rev, or C.R. or cr - Colors reversed is a position which has been published from a different series of moves. Upon finding this position in a book or on the board, the student must mentally reverse the Red and White pieces and see the same position from that perspective. This isn't the same as turning a board around or changing sides? The red pieces become white and vise-versa. Same position but on the other side of board and naturally if it was a White-To-Move & Win it would now be RTM&W. Does this happen in real play? You bet-cha!
Cornell Checkers - One of the first good checker programs offered for sale and written by Gil Dodgens which was introduce on a computer by Cornell. You bought the computer with the program as a package. It was later renamed World Champion Checkers (WCC) see below.
CP - Checker Potpourri
CTTW Checkers The Tinsley Way "CTTW" (All Tinsley's Games) By Robert L. Shuffett, M.D. published 1982 “A Classic” The games of the greatest players of all time. "Master Players" dote over this book because it gives the Marion Tinsley's 10+ moves into all 144 restricted 3-Move Openings, these games are a study in excellence - mind boggling.
Deck - 3-Move Deck now has 156 openings, but originally compiled in the early 30's as "2 moves" which was 1st used in Tournaments play in 1934. These opening grew over the year and later expanded to 3-moves. The last 12 new openings were add and voted on in 2002 at the Anderson, SC Nationals. EDA and most of Europe had already accept these openings at least a year prior to ACF.
DEO - Derek E. Oldbury World Champion Checker Player from England and Checker Book Author...
and “Encyclopaeda of Draughts/Checkers” who died in
Don Deweber Checkers21@hotmail.com use to sell checker books. Don once owned one of the largest private Checker Libraries from acquiring the John Caldwell Library from San Antonio, TX and Irving Windy Library from Sarasota, FL and combined the libraries, plus adding his own collection of over 60 years. In 2010 he gave away, sold, and finally bequeathed most of his book to Loras College, a Catholic Liberal Arts College in Dubuque, IA and the larger balance of his collection went to Cleveland Public Library in Cleveland, OH. He continues to collect checker trivia and memorabilia World of Checkers Museum, he also remains trustee of the Keystone Checkers Trust Fund, under the care and ownership of his The John Caldwell-Irving Windt Library of Checkers Inc., a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation, with an IRS "determination letter.
DWM - Draughts World Magazines which ran from 1892 till 1913.
ECB - Elam's Checker Board (25 vols in large blue or red hardbacks 1-8300 pgs) all Elam’s Advocate Vol 1-11, 1936-1946 + "CB" published by Emin Elam, Mt. Sterling, Kentucky (Volume 1. Number 1. January, 1947 to Vol 25. No 7. July 1971)
EDA - English Draughts Association
EDJ - English Draughts Journel their printed Newsletters/Bulletins
by the English Draughts Association (EDA). English spelling of journal is
ECB - Elam's Checker Board, originally published as Mount Sterling Advocate printed in Mt. Sterling, Kentucky. The editor later changed the name to Elam's Checker Board.
Elmira Ch.Bd - Old Checker published in 1885-87.
FMJD - Federation Mondiale Du Jeu De Dames The French World Federation which has 3 sections: 100 sq - International Checkers, 64 sq - Russian/Brazilian (known in US as "pool checkers")
and Straight Checkers (USA-England, Scotland, Ireland, South Africa, & Barbados Checkers) This would establish a clearing house/court of appeal for discussion between checker organizations of a section that are members. ACF, EDA etc. would keep individual
independence, operating as they do now except they would have establish statutes and by-laws on: World Championship Title, Rating System, an umbrella and international forum promoting and establishing checkers as sport/hobby.
http://fmjd.org We have WCDF (World
Checker Draughts Federation) that does this now.
Folding Checker Boards - Some earlier one made by Hawkins or Elzy Langdon in years past. The late Elzy Langdon, 9 times Kentucky state champion since 1948, used to make the most sought after checkerboard in the 60'-70's. He made the boards from inlaid linoleum floor tile. Amos Howard, a paint contractor from Greensboro, NC duplicate the Langdon board which was every bit the fashion and quality. Amos used a masonite board substratum to glue the linoleum tile squares to make his checkerboards. I'm not sure what Elzy used, this or plywood.
4th INT - Fourth International Match Book
Giveaway Checkers "giveaway checkers" or "Losing Draughts" - The MOS Giveaway Championship - losing draughts tournament held at the Loughborough MSO in August 2002 was the first ever losing draughts tournament to be played in England. It is stated in Hoyle that no "losing draughts" game can ever end in a draw, like single kings in the double corner, who has the opposition will lose. "Suiy"- Suicide Checkers or Anti-Checkers is drawish as Straight Checkers, however 1 vs 1 isn't a draw. There is a section on losing draughts in Petrov's book on Russian draughts dated 1827. This is the only known literature on losing draughts. Russian equivalent (Poddavki) & lot of Russian books. Frank Dunne's "Draught Player's Guide" of 1911 also has a section. There seems to be a re-birth and lots of interest recently among young player, especially on the internet at IYT, and several computer programs dedicated to this style of checkers.
The Golden Dozen -
The Golden Dozen Analysis on the newest 12 additions to the 3-move deck by
ICHF or ICHOF - International Checkers Hall of Fame in Petal, MS - A beautiful and lasting memorial to the game. A complex that has a checker museum, library, hall of flags, gift shop & store, meeting places, tournament rooms for local & national ty, and condominiums/efficiency apartments for retired checker players who want to move to Petal, Mississippi where plenty of good checker plays live. The founder/director Charles C. Walker opened it in May 1979. A Checkers' jewel: so much support, promotion, interest, and perseveration has been generated from ICHF. After Walker closed it in 2005, Petal Mayor Tony Phillips said, "The International Checker Hall of Fame has brought international recognition to the city, a global hotspot for checkers and a checkers shrine." "I've toured the Checker Hall of Fame and it is a source of pride for our city," Phillips said, "It should be established as a historic landmark." ICHF re-open 2006 this one of a kind Hall of Fame and was back promoting checkers, holding tournaments. The Mississippi State Open Ty was scheduled on March 11-12th, 2006, and Morrison vs King WTM was held in December 4-9, 2006. On September 29, 2007 an unexplainable fire started in the tower and quickly engulfed the hall and the rest of the checker complex, destroying all of ICHF. Charles has been busy rebuilding and now has a checker hall completed for the 2010 Mississippi State Tournament.
I-D - Inter-District Postal Booklets
ID&C - International Draughts And Checkers
INF - Inferno Of Checkers
Kacker - Jake Kacker a Top Master Pool Checker player from Burbanks CA and “ tgf ” on
the ACF Forum. Jake created, maintains, and shares his website and
On-line Checker Library. Jake also has these pages:
World Championship Matches, Checker Openings,
in the OCL library and illustrate
books with thousand of animated positions & games. Jake's ability to
organize and share is superb. Checker players are forever indebted for his
contribution to our game... Championship games, books, & library are a delight.
You must visit it often.
King - Ronald ‘Suki’ King World Champion Checker Player from Barbados both GAYP & 3-move for a time. King won the 2005 US National GAYP in Dublin, Ohio, but was defeated in August 2005 by Alex Moiseyev in Anderson, SC in their 3-Move WCM. This match was suppose to have been played in 2002 but finally happened after King was satisfied with money and conditions, apparently it worked out for the best since they played for over twice the prize money, but Moiseyev won. Their GAYP WCM was scheduled for 2006, but Jim Morrison challenged instead of Moiseyev and King defeated Morrison. King continues to defend his GAYP World Title, but could not regain the 3-Move in October, 2009 against Moiseyev. King has held the GAYP World Title for 23 years, defending it many times. He won over James Morrison 4-1-17 in 1991 after Don Lafferty defended his title against Morrison in 1986 by 0-0-24 and 3 years later in 1989 against Lowder by 4-3-16 and retired his GAYP World Title 2 years later and died in 6/7/98. 2014 King v Scarpetta GAYP WTM could end King's incredible domination on this opening variation of checkers.
KCR - The Keystone Checker Review by James E. Reed (1990/Volume 1 -thru- 1995/Volume 6) 36 issues a bimonthly membership magazine... discontinued December 1995 he died a few years after he stopped his KCR publication.
Kear's Ency, Kear's Encyclopedia - has been published in four editions, but is today difficult to find. A very large book, it is known for the quality of play it contains and for the simple format.
KingsRow - is a checkers engine written by Ed Gilbert. He also has a 10 piece database with a WLD (win/loss/draw) and MTC (moves to conversion) databases for positions with 2 through 10 pieces and up to 5 pieces on a side. Both KingsRow and Cake have huge opening book databases. You should install the latest version of Martin's 64-bit CheckerBoard and the latest Cake & KingRow engines. Here is a page & links on information about KingRow's 10-piece database installation notes.
KL - Key Landings by Richard Pask
KO - Key Openings by Richard Pask
Kondlo - Lubabalo Kondlo. Kondlo is a Grandmaster Checker Player from Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
Lakeside Open Ty. at Lakeside, 0hio - which is on the North side of the tip of Marblehead peninsula. Same area as Cedar Point, Sandusky, OH. (by ferry service maybe 8 miles, or by road 23 miles to get off the island by causeway to Sandusky then across Sandusky Bay to Danbury to Lakeside. The Tourneys were held or run at the pavilion inside the grounds, overlooking the lake..." The Cedar Point tourney was no longer played at Cedar Point from 1951 forward, as a result of the management of Cedar Point no longer providing suitable playing accommodations for the players. The tourney was moved to Lakeside as of this time, and was no longer called the "Cedar Point" tourney after this year, but was called the "Lakeside" and also called the "Northern Open" at times, and sometimes in later years it is called the "Lakeside Northern Open." There were three big "annual tourneys" held each year that attract the better players. The Florida Open was usually held the week after Easter. The Southern Open or Southern States Open was held in a southern state in late July and The Lakeside Open was usually held the first week in August at Lakeside, 0hio. Before Lakeside there was the annual Cedar Point Tys. named for its location at Cedar Point Island Resort, across from Sandusky, OH. The 1st Cedar Point Tourney was August 8-15, 1909 with C. Clark winning that championship. Many annual Cedar Pt. Tys and a number of American Tourneys (ACA) were held here. Lakeside ceased in 1983, and from its demise grew the Northern States Tournament beginning in 1985. See Nat. Tys. & Cedar Point Tys. and the above Tys, which have reduced to only The Southern, and The Northern States which eventually died in 2005, being absorbed into the Ohio State Tournament. The Southern is still played on 2nd Friday - Sunday in July at Americas Best Value Inn & Suites in Lebanon and directed by Frank Davis. The Tennessee Open which is usually scheduled on 1st Friday thru Sunday weekend in July is the largest tournament currently with the exception of our Nationals. The Illinois Open, West TN Strawberry Festival in Humboldt, Alabama Open, and the NC State Open are now the larger tournaments drawing the better players, although Southern, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and 101 are close to those attendance.
LCF - Learn Checkers Fast by Tommy Wiswell
LDA - Lancashire Draughts Association was founded in 1894 spoken by Dr John Reade
Lee, Lee's, Lees' Guide To The Game of Draughts, or Checkers New Edition Revised and Enlarged (best) 267 pgs. published in 1947 by David McKay Co, Philadelphia by John W. Dawson It was first published in 1892. The book has been revised and reprinted many times, it even has Hall's Corrections of Lees Guide By L.L. Hall, Improvements and corrections of Lees' Guide 1953. 62 pages. Al Lyman said if Lees’ Guide was "yesteryears checker bible" then BC must be "today’s checker bible."
LPC - Let's Play Checkers by Tommy Wiswell
LVD 6DNL - Louis Van Deven's 6th District Newsletter
MB - Match Book
MC - Master Checkers (1963 WCM)
MCA - Missouri Checker Association publishes monthly checker bulletin, best $10 you can spend on your checker hobby/interest.
MEC - Willie Ryan's book Modern Encyclopedia of Checkers
MEC2 - Willie Ryan's book “Modern Encyclopedia of Checkers” (2nd Edition )
MFT - the initials of Dr. Marion Franklin Tinsley.
MISS - This is Fortman's abbreviation of Missouri Newsletter? The only place you will see this is in Basic Checkers. MISS was the old way to abbreviate Mississippi, now using MS
Moiseyev - A Russia immigrant who become US citizen and World 3-Move Champion in 2002. The 2000 World GAYP Title Match between Champion, Ron King & Challenger, Alex Moiseyev was a draw match of 3 wins each & 18 draws leaving King his GAYP title. Alexander "Alex" Moiseyev playing Russian draughts, the Russian equivalent of checkers, when he was 7 years old and reached a Master level before he was 15. He won the Moscow Championship in international draughts in 1979. He immigrated to the United States in 1991 with his family to work as a computer programmer. After switching to the Anglo-American game of checkers/draughts, he began to excel in America. He continued to challenge champions until he earned the top U.S. titles in Go-As-You-Please Checkers and Three-Move Checkers. He says his mission is to erase the concept of checkers as a children’s game. Alex, Grandmaster & World Checker Champion authored "The Sixth" in 2006. Alex Moiseyev is the undisputed World 3-Move Champion from 2005 until 2013. Moiseyev held his 3-Move World Title from 2002 (undisputed 2005) until losing it to Michele Borghetti in 2013. He is also the current 11-Man World Champion which he has defended numerous time since 2008.
MOS - Mind Sports Olympiad in Cambridge, England UK
MP - Master-Play - A total of seven books were published by M. Francis Tescheleit bearing this title, each covering one opening move. Play in MP is difficult to follow and many of the moves given in it are not considered as very good today.
M.S.A. or MSA Mount Sterling Advocate. Former weekly (later monthly) checker publication printed in Mt. Sterling, Ky, the editor later changed the name to Elam's Checker Board. (ECB) No longer printed.
MS ms mss - manuscript pl mss ex: Stiles mss - John B. Stiles Expert Manuscript 7-parts all 7 openings moves (GAYP & 2-Move)
MTC - Move to conversion information, or MTC for short. A "conversion" happens when a capture is taken, or a man crowns, or the leading man of either side moves forward. The MTC databases do not always play the shortest route to victory when in a won position, but they always guarantee a clear route to victory unlike "perfect play" 8 piece databases get win/draw in least number of moves.
MWC - Midwest Checkers
Nat. Ty. or N.T. or NT - Any of the various National Tourneys sponsored by the ACA, NCA or ACF. The annual National Tournaments usually play GAYP on odd and 3-Move on even years.
N.C.A. or NCA - National Checker Assn. This group merged with the ACA in 1946 to form the ACF
(NCCA) - North Carolina Checker Association is a non-profit organization that is dedicated to promotes and preserve the game of checkers in North Carolina.
North Carolina State Open is the annual state tournament that has recognized a state champion since 1890. You can view a continuous record of our NC State Tournament Winners. The (NCCA) North Carolina Checker Association began in 1918.
N.E.C.B. or NECB - Short-lived checker publication of some 25 years ago.
Northern States Tourney - When Lakeside vanished after Claude Hile's death and Northern States came about after the demise of Lakeside. The 1st Northern States was held in 1985, the last Northern States Open was held July 16 & 17, 2005 at the Traveler's Choice Hotel, 2875 Medina Road, Medina, Ohio (west of Akron). Sadly this was the last Northern States Tournament organized and sponsored by Richard Beckwith as it was absorbed into the Ohio State Tourney which he is also its director. - see Lakeside Tourney for more explanation.Ohio State Open - Usually held 1st weekend in September with high caliber Grandmaster talent players, Northern States eventually died in 2005, being absorbed into the Ohio State Tournament - sponsor/director Richard Beckwith.
OJA - One Jump Ahead, see Chniook
Pask, Richard "PBC & D" Richard Pask's intermediate/advanced level book, Play Better Checkers and Draughts, 1st Edition is available in electronic (PDF) format for US $10.00. Delivery is by email attachment or download. You can download Pask's Golden Dozen and 7 other books on Bob Newell's - The Checker Maven A GREAT CHECKER website...
PDF - PDF files, Adobe - Portable Document Format, Adobe®r® software is the free global standard for reliably viewing, printing, and commenting ontel Alamac, NYC, wo checker programs were vastly improved after the older Checkers and Cornell Checker programs which were the best there was at the time.
WCC checker program - 1978 Fidelity Electronics offered Checkers Challenger which was sold by Sears. It was a fun program but not Master level. In 1986 Chinook and Cornell Checkers were developing into stronger programs. In 1998 the first Computer Olympiad in London, England had 6 checker programs to enter the play off. A Chinook program developed at the University of Alberta at Edmonton, was 1st running on a Sun SPARC machine and an early version of Cornell Checkers by Gil Dodgens run on a Macintosh II took 2nd placed, which opened up new competitiveness in the interest of computer checkers. After this, ACF hosted US Nationals began allowing computers to enter. Cornell Checkers improved and computers got faster. By 1992 US Nationals Cornell Checkers placed 3rd in Masters, as a result of this performance it was offered for sale as a package on a Cornell Computer PC with 256K cashe, 8mb of RAM. Gil Dodgens later offered this program as World Champion Checkers (WCC) for DOS Windows when the Cornell Computer Systems stopped selling their checker computer. WCC was later improved again by Gil Dodgens and Ed Trice as WCC Platinum III which is now a free download off the internet.
WCC or WCC2 -World Class Checkers (match games for the World Title - Marion Tinsley vs Asa Long 1985, and his 2nd match, Marion Tinsley vs Don Lafferty 1987) Each match was 40 games. Copyright/published by Robert L. Shuffett 1988. 94 pages. Considered one of the greatest match books ever written... more mind-boggling play.
WCD - World Championship DraughtsW.Ch.Ch. - World Championship Checkers pub.1950 (pb) 158 pgs. by Willie Ryan & Tom Wiswell "A Classic" (1-50 Title Games: Hellman defended Ryan in 1949 at Joliet, Ill.) (51-100 Title Games: Hellman won over Asa Long in 1948 at Cedar Point, Ohio) Both matches are professionally annotated as are all 4 classic books ABC, WCC, CTTW and W.Ch.Ch. These books have many of the same games that are covered also in the ACF Bulletins.
WCM - World Championship Match
W.C.P. or WCP - Wood's Checker Player. Former highly regarded magazine, still prized by collectors of checker literature.
WTC - World Title Checkers
WTM - World Title Match, same as WCM
WTM or wtm - means white to move, WTM&D or WTM&W means white to move and draw or win. The same if Black (Red) and White are used. You see this in checker problems so you know who's turn to move.
W.W. or WW - White Wins.
another goodie from Burlington Checker Club